By what virtue, by what conduct, and performing what works, will a
man be perfectly established (in the commandments) and obtain the
Let him honour old people, not be envious, let him know the
(right) time for seeing his teachers, let him know the (right) moment
for listening to their religious discourses, let him assiduously hearken
to their well-spoken (words).
Let him in due time go to the presence of his teachers, let him be
humble after casting away obstinacy, let him remember and practise what
is good, the Dhamma, self-restraint, and chastity.
Let his pleasure be the Dhamma, let him delight in the Dhamma, let
him stand fast in the Dhamma, let him know how to enquire into the
Dhamma, let him not raise any dispute that pollutes the Dhamma, and let
him spend his time in (speaking) well-spoken truths.
Having abandoned ridiculous talk, lamentation, corruption, deceit,
hypocrisy, greediness and haughtiness, clamour and harshness, depravity
and foolishness, let him live free from infatuation, with a steady mind.
The words, the essence of which is understood, are well spoken,
and what is heard, if understood, contains the essence of meditation;
but the understanding and learning of the man who is hasty and careless,
does not increase.
Those who delight in the Dhamma, proclaimed by the venerable ones,
are unsurpassed in speech, mind and work, they are established in peace,
tenderness and meditation, and have gone to the essence of learning and
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