HYMN XLI. Bhaga.
AGNI at dawn, and Indra we invoke at dawn, and Varuna and Mitra, and the
Bhaga at dawn, Pusan, and Brahmanaspati, Soma at dawn, Rudra we will invoke at
We will invoke strong, early-conquering Bhaga, the Son of Aditi, the great
Thinking of whom, the poor, yea, even the mighty, even the King himself says,
Give me Bhaga.
Bhaga our guide, Bhaga whose gifts are faithful, favour this song, and give us
wealth, O Bhaga.
Bhaga, augment our store of kine and horses, Bhaga, may we be rich in men and
So may felicity be ours at present, and when the day approaches, and at
And may we still, O Bounteous One, at sunset be happy in the Deities'
May Bhaga verily be bliss-bestower, and through him, Gods! may happiness
As such, O Bhaga, all with might invoke thee: as such be thou our Champion here,
To this our worship may all Dawns incline them, and come to the pure place
As strong steeds draw a chariot may they bring us hitherward Bhaga who discovers
May blessed Mornings dawn on us for ever, with wealth of kine, of horses, and
Streaming with all abundance, pouring fatness. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN XLII Visvedevas.
LET Brahmans and Angirases come forward, and let the roar of cloudy heaven
Loud low the Milch-kine swimming in the waters: set be the stones that grace our
Fair, Agni, is thy long-known path to travel: yoke for the juice tfiy [sic] bay, thy
Or red steeds, Hero-bearing, for the chamber. Seated, I call the Deities'
They glorify your sacrifice with worship, yet the glad Priest near them is
Bring the Gods hither, thou of many aspects: turn hitherward Aramati the Holy.
What time the Guest hath made himself apparent, at ease reclining in the rich
Agni, well-pleased, well-placed within the chamber gives to a house like this
wealth worth the choosing.
Accept this sacrifice of ours, O Agni; glorify it with Indra and the Maruts.
Here on our grass let Night and Dawn be seated: bring longing Varuna and Mitra
Thus hath Vasistha praised victorious Agni, yearning for wealth that giveth
May he bestow on us food, strength, and riches. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN XLIII Visvedevas.
SING out the pious at your sacrifices to move with adorations Earth and
The Holy Singers, whose unmatched devotions, like a tree's branches, part in all
Let sacrifice proceed like some fleet courser: with one accord lift ye on high
Strew sacred grass meet for the solemn service: bright flames that love the Gods
have mounted upward.
Like babes in arms reposing on their mother, let the Gods sit upon the grass's
Let general fire make bright the flame of worship: scorn us not, Agni, in the
Gladly the Gods have let themselves be honoured, milking the copious streams
of holy Order.
The highest might to-day is yours, the Vasits': come ye, as many as ye are,
So, Agni, send us wealth among the people: may we be closely knit to thee, O
Unharmed, and rich, and taking joy together. Preserve us evermore, ye ods [sic], with
HYMN XLIV. Dadhikras.
I CALL on Dadhikras, the first, to give you aid, the Asvins, Bhaga, Dawn, and
Agni kindled well,
Indra, and Visnu, Pusan, Brahmanaspati, Adityas, Heaven and Earth, the Waters,
and the Light.
When, rising, to the sacrifice we hasten, awaking Dadhikras with adorations.
Seating on sacred grass the Goddess Ila. let us invoke the sage swift-hearing
While I am thus arousing Dadhikravan I speak to Agni, Earth, and Dawn, and
The red, the brown of Varuna ever mindful: may they ward off from us all grief
Foremost is Dadhikravan, vigorous courser; in forefront of the cars, his way
Closely allied with Surya and with Morning, Adityas, and Angirases, and Vasus.
May Dadhikras prepare the way we travel that we may pass along the path of
May Agni bear us, and the Heavenly Army: hear us all Mighty Ones whom none
HYMN XLV. Savitar.
MAY the God Savitar, rich in goodly treasures, filling the region, borne by
steeds, come hither,
In his hand holding much that makes men happy, lulling to slumber and arousing
Golden, sublime, and easy in their motion, his arms extend unto the bounds of
Now shall that mightiness of his he lauded: even Surya yields to him in active
May this God Savitar, the Strong and Mighty, the Lord of precious wealth,
vouchsafe us treasures.
May he, advancing his far-spreading lustre, bestow on us the food that feedeth
These songs praise Savitar whose tongue is pleasant, praise him whose arms are
full, whose hands are lovely.
High vital strength, and manifold, may he grant us. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.
HYMN XLVI. Rudra.
To Rudra bring these songs, whose bow is firm and strong, the self-dependent
God with swiftly-flying shafts,
The Wise, the Conqueror whom none may overcome, armed with sharp-pointed
weapons: may he hear our call.
He through his lordship thinks on beings of the earth, on heavenly beings
through his high imperial sway.
Come willingly to our doors that gladly welcome thee, and heal all sickness,
Rudra., in our families.
May thy bright arrow which, shot down by thee from heaven, flieth upon the
earth, pass us uninjured by.
Thou, very gracious God, bast thousand medicines: inflict no evil on our sons or
Slay us not, nor abandon us, O Rudra let not thy noose, when thou art angry,
Give us trimmed grass and fame among the living. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN XLVII. Waters.
MAY we obtain this day from you, O Waters, that wave of pure refreshment,
which the pious
Made erst the special beverage of Indra, bright, stainless, rich in sweets and
May the Floods' Offspring, he whose course is rapid, protect that wave most
rich in sweets, O Waters,
That shall make Indra and the Vasus joyful. This may we gain from you to-day, we
All-purifying, joying in their nature, to paths of Gods the Goddesses move
They never violate the laws of Indra. Present the oil-rich offering to the
Whom Surya with his bright beams hath attracted, and Indra dug the path for
them to travel,
May these Streams give us ample room and freedom. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN XLVIII. Rbhus.
YE liberal Heroes, Vajas and Rbhuksans, come and delight you with our flowing
May your strength, Vibhus, as ye come to meet us, turn hitherward your car that
brings men profit.
May we as Rbhu with your Rbhus conquer strength with our strength, as Vibhus
with the Vibhus.
May Vaja aid us in the fight for booty, and helped by Indra may we quell the
For they rule many tribes with high dominion, and conquer all their foes in
May Indra, Vibhvan, Vaja, and Rbhuksan destroy by turns the wicked foeman's
Now, Deities, give us ample room and freedom: be all of you, one-minded, our
So let the Vasus grant us strength and vigour. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN XLIX. Waters.
FORTH from the middle of the flood the Waters-their chief the Sea-flow
cleansing, never sleeping.
Indra, the Bull, the Thunderer, dug their channels: here let those Waters,
Goddesses, protect me.
Waters which come from heaven, or those that wander dug from the earth, or
flowing free by nature,
Bright, purifying, speeding to the Ocean, here let those Waters. Goddesses,
Those amid whom goes Varuna the Sovran, he who discriminates men's truth and
Distilling meath, the bright, the purifying, here let those Waters, Goddesses,
They from whom Varuna the King, and Soma, and all the Deities drink strength
They into whom Vaisvanara Agni entered, here let those Waters, Goddesses,
HYMN L. Various Deities.
O MITRA-VARUNA, guard and protect me here: let not that come to me which
nests within and swells.
I drive afar the scorpion hateful to the sight: let not the winding worm touch
me and wound my foot.
Eruption that appears upon the twofold joints, and that which overspreads the
ankles and the knees,
May the refulgent Agni banish far away let not the winding worm touch me and
wound my foot.
The poison that is formed upon the Salmali, that which is found in streams,
that which the plants produce,
All this may all the Gods banish and drive away: let not the winding worm touch
me and wound my foot.
The steep declivities, the valleys, and the heights, the channels full of
water, and the waterless-
May those who swell with water, gracious Goddesses, never afflict us with the
Sipada disease, may all the rivers keep us free from Simida.
HYMN LI. Adityas.
THROUGH the Adityas' most auspicious shelter, through their most recent
succour may we conquer.
May they, the Mighty, giving ear, establish this sacrifice, to make us free and
Let Aditi rejoice and the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman, most righteous.
May they, the Guardians of the world, protect us, and, to show favour, drink
this day our Soma.
All Universal Deities, the Maruts, all the Adityas, yea, and all the Rbhus,
Indra, and Agni, and the Asvins, lauded. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with
HYMN LII. Adityas.
MAY we be free from every bond, Adityas! a castle among Gods and men, ye
Winning, may we win Varuna and Mitra, and, being, may we be, O Earth and Heaven.
May Varuna and Mitra grant this blessing, our Guardians, shelter to our seed
Let us not suffer for another's trespass. nor do the thing that ye, O Vasus,
The ever-prompt Angirases, imploring riches from Savitar the God, obtained
So may our Father who is great and holy, and all the Gods, accordant, grant this
HYMN LIII. Heaven and Earth.
AS priest with solemn rites and adorations I worship Heaven and Earth, the
High and Holy.
To them, great Parents of the Gods, have sages of ancient time, singing,
With newest hymns set in the seat of Order, those the Two Parents, born before
Come, Heaven and Earth, with the Celestial People, hither to us, for strong is
Yea, Heaven and Earth, ye hold in your possession full many a treasure for the
Grant us that wealth which comes in free abundance. Preserve us evermore, ye
Gods, with blessings.
HYMN LIV. Vastospati.
ACKNOWLEDGE us, O Guardian of the Homestead: bring no disease, and give us
Whate'er we ask of thee, be pleased to grant it, and prosper thou quadrupeds and
Protector of the Home, be our promoter: increase our wealth in kine and
steeds, O Indu.
May we be ever-youthful in thy friendship: be pleased in us as in his sons a
Through thy dear fellowship that bringeth welfare, may we be victors, Guardian
of the Dwelling!
Protect our happiness in rest and labour. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with
HYMN LV. Vastospati.
VASTOSPATI, who killest all disease and wearest every form,
Be an auspicious Friend to us.
When, O bright Son of Sarama, thou showest, tawny-hued! thy teeth,
They gleam like lances' points within thy mouth when thou wouldst bite; go thou
Sarama's Son, retrace thy way: bark at the robber and the thief.
At Indra's singers barkest thou? Why dust thou seek to terrify us? Go to sleep.
Be on thy guard against the boar, and let the boar beware of thee.
At Indra's singers barkest thou? Why dost thou seek to terrify us? Go to sleep.
Sleep mother, let the father sleep, sleep dog and master of the house.
Let all the kinsmen sleep, sleep all the people who are round about.
The man who sits, the man who walks, and whosoever looks on us,
Of these we closely shut the eyes, even as we closely shut this house.
The Bull who hath a thousand horns, who rises up from out the sea,-
By him the Strong and Mighty One we lull and make the people sleep.
The women sleeping in the court, lying without, or stretched on beds,
The matrons with their odorous sweets these, one and all, we lull to sleep.
HYMN LVI. Maruts.
Who are these radiant men in serried rank, Rudra's young heroes borne by
Verily no one knoweth whence they sprang: they, and they only, know each
They strew each other with their blasts, these Hawks: they strove together,
roaring like the wind.
A sage was he who knew these mysteries, what in her udder mighty Prsni bore.
Ever victorious, through the Maruts, be this band of Heroes, nursing manly
Most bright in splendour, fleetest on their way, close-knit to glory, strong
with varied power.
Yea, mighty is your power and firm your strength: so, potent, with the Maruts,
be the band.
Bright is your spirit, wrathful are your minds: your bold troop's minstrel is
like one inspired.
Ever avert your blazing shaft from us, and let not your displeasure reach us
Your dear names, conquering Maruts, we invoke, calling aloud till we are
Well-armed, impetuous in their haste, they deck themselves, their forms, with
oblations: to you, the pure, ornaments made of gold.
Pure, Maruts, pure yourselves, are your oblations: to you, the pure, pure
sacrifice I offer.
By Law they came to truth, the Law's observers, bright by their birth, and pure,
Your rings, O Maruts, rest upon your shoulders, and chains of gold are twined
upon your bosoms.
Gleaming with drops of rain, like lightning-flashes, after your wont ye whirl
about your weapons.
Wide in the depth of air spread forth your glories, far, most adorable, ye
bear your titles.
Maruts, accept this thousandfold allotment of household sacrifice and household
If, Maruts, ye regard the praise recited here at this mighty singer
Vouchsafe us quickly wealth with noble heroes, wealth which no man who hateth us
The Maruts, fleet as coursers, while they deck them like youths spectators of
a festal meeting,
Linger, like beauteous colts, about the dwelling, like frisking calves, these
who pour down the water.
So may the Maruts help us and be gracious, bringing free room to lovely Earth
Far be your bolt that slayeth men and cattle. Ye Vasus, turn yourselves to us
The priest, when seated, loudly calls you, Maruts, praising in song your
He, Bulls! who hath so much in his possession, free from duplicity, with hymns
These Maruts bring the swift man to a stand-still, and strength with mightier
strength they break and humble
These guard the singer from the man who hates him and lay their sore displeasure
on the wicked.
These Maruts rouse even the poor and needy: the Vasus love him as an active
Drive to a distance, O ye Bulls, the darkness: give us full store of children
Never, O Maruts, may we lose your bounty, nor, car-borne Lords! be hitidmost [sic]
when ye deal it.
Give us a share in that delightful treasure, the genuine wealth that, Bulls! is
What time the men in fury rush together for running streams, for pastures,
and for houses.
Then, O ye Maruts, ye who spring from Rudra, be our protectors in the strife
Full many a deed ye did for our forefathers worthy of lauds which, even of
old, they sang you.
The strong man, with the Maruts, wins in battle, the charger, with the Maruts,
gains the booty.
Ours, O ye Maruts, be the vigorous Hero, the Lord Divine of men, the strong
With whom to fair lands we may cross the waters, and dwell in our own home with
you beside us.
May Indra, Mitra, Varuna and Agni, Waters, and Plants, and Trees accept our
May we find shelter in the Marut's bosom. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with
HYMN LVII. Maruts.
YEA, through the power of your sweet juice, ye Holy! the Marut host is glad
They cause even spacious heaven and earth to tremble, they make the spring flow
when they come, the Mighty.
The Maruts watch the man who sings their praises, promoters of the thought of
him who worships.
Seat you on sacred grass in our assembly, this day, with friendly minds, to
share the banquet.
No others gleam so brightly as these Maruts with their own forms, their golden
gauds, their weapons.
With all adornments, decking earth and heaven, they heighten, for bright show,
their common splendour.
Far from us be your blazing dart, O Maruts, when we, through human frailty,
sin against you.
Let us not he exposed to that, ye Holy! May your most loving favour still attend
May even what we have done delight the Maruts, the blameless Ones, the bright,
Further us, O ye Holy, with your kindness: advance us mightily that we may
And may the Maruts, praised by all their titles, Heroes, enjoy the taste of
Give us of Amrta for the sake of offspring: awake the excellent fair stores of
Hither, ye Maruts, praised, with all your succours, with all felicity come to
Who, of themselves, a hundredfold increase us. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN LVIII. Maruts.
SING to the troop that pours down rain in common, the Mighty Company of
They make the world-halves tremble with their greatness: from depths of earth
and sky they reach to heaven.
Yea, your birth, Maruts, was with wild commotion, ye who move swiftly, fierce
in wrath, terrific.
Ye all-surpassing in your might and vigour, each looker on the light fears at
Give ample vital power unto our princes let our fair praises gratify the
As the way travelled helpeth people onward, so further us with your delightful
Your favoured singer counts his wealth by hundreds: the strong steed whom ye
favour wins a thousand.
The Sovran whom ye aid destroys the foeman. May this your gift, ye Shakers, be
I call, as such, the Sons of bounteous Rudra: will not the Maruts turn again
What secret sin or open stirs their anger, that we implore the Swift Ones to
This eulogy of the Bounteous hath been spoken: accept, ye Maruts, this our
hymn of praises.
Ye Bulls, keep those who hate us at a distance. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods,
HYMN LIX. Maruts.
WHOMSO ye rescue here and there, whomso ye guide, O Deities,
To him give shelter, Agni, Mitra, Varuna, ye Maruts, and thou Aryaman.
Through your kind favour, Gods, on some auspicious day, the worshipper subdues
That man increases home and strengthening ample food who brings you offerings as
Vasistha will not overlook the lowliest one among you all.
O Maruts, of our Soma juice effused to-day drink all of you with eager haste.
Your succour in the battle injures not the man to whom ye, Heroes, grant your
May your most recent favour turn to us again. Come quickly, ye who fain would
Come hitherward to drink the juice, O ye whose bounties give you joy.
These offerings are for you, these, Maruts, I present. Go not to any place but
Sit on our sacred grass, be graciously inclined to give the wealth for which
To take delight, ye Maruts, Friends of all, with Svaha, in sweet Soma juice.
Decking the beauty of their forms in secret the Swans with purple backs have
flown down hither.
Around me all the Company hath settled, like joyous Heroes glad in our libation.
Maruts, the man whose wrath is hard to master, he who would slay us ere we
think, O Vasus,
May he be tangled in the toils of mischief; smite ye him down with your most
O Maruts, ye consuming Gods, enjoy this offering brought for you,
To help us, ye who slay the foe.
Sharers of household sacrifice, come, Maruts, stay not far away,
That ye may help us, Bounteous Ones.
Here, Self-strong Maruts, yea, even here. ye Sages with your sunbright skins
I dedicate your sacrifice.
Tryambaka we worship, sweet augmenter of prosperity.
As from its stem the cucumber, so may I be released from death, not reft of
HYMN LX. Mitra-Varuna.
WHEN thou, O Sun, this day, arising sinless, shalt speak the truth to Varuna
O Aditi, may all the Deities love us, and thou, O Aryaman, while we are singing.
Looking on man, O Varuna and Mitra, this Sun ascendeth up by both the
Guardian of all things fixt, of all that moveth, beholding good and evil acts of
He from their home hath yoked the Seven gold Coursers who, dropping oil and
fatness, carry Surya.
Yours, Varuna and Mitra, he surveyeth the worlds and living creatures like a
Your coursers rich in store of sweets have mounted: to the bright ocean Surya
For whom the Adityas make his pathway ready, Aryaman, Mitra, Varuna, accordant.
For these, even Aryaman, Varuna and Mitra, are the chastisers of all guile and
These, Aditi's Sons, infallible and mighty, have waxen in the home of law
These, Mitra, Varuna whom none deceiveth, with great power quicken even the
fool to wisdom,
And, wakening, moreover, thoughtful insight, lead it by easy paths o'er grief
They ever vigilant, with eyes that close not, caring for heaven and earth,
lead on the thoughtless.
Even in the river's bed there is a shallow. across this broad expanse may they
When Aditi and Varuna and Mitra, like guardians, give Sudas their friendly
Granting him sons and lineal succession, let us not, bold ones! move the Gods to
May he with offerings purify the altar from any stains of Varuna's reviler.
Aryaman save us us all those who hate us: give room and freedom to Sudas, ye
Hid from our eyes is their resplendent meeting: by their mysterious might
they hold dominion.
Heroes! we cry trembling in fear before you, even in the greatness of your power
He who wins favour for his prayer by worship, that he may gain him strength
and highest riches,
That good man's mind the Mighty Ones will follow: they have brought comfort to
his spacious dwelling.
This priestly task, Gods! Varuna and Mitra! hath been performed for you at
Convey us safely over every peril. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with
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