The Soma Sacrifice
i. 2. 1.
May I the waters wet (thee) for life,
For length of days, for
O plant, protect him.
Axe, hurt him not.
Obedient to the
gods I shear these.
With success may I reach further days.
waters, the mothers, purify us,
With ghee let those that purify our ghee
Let them bear from us all pollution,
Forth from these waters do
I come bright, in purity.
Thou art the body of Soma, guard my body.
Thou art the milk of the great ones, thou art the giver of splendour; splendour
place in me.
Thou art the pupil of Vrtra's eye, thou art the guardian
of the eye, guard my eye.
Let the lord of thought purify thee, let the lord
of speech purify thee, let the god Savitr purify thee
With the flawless
With the rays of the bright sun.
O lord of the purifier, with
thy purifier for whatsoever I purify myself, that may I have strength to
We approach you, O gods,
Ye that have true ordinances at the
What O gods ye can assent to,
For that we ask you, O holy
Indra and Agni, heaven and earth, waters, plants.
Thou art the
lord of consecrations, guard me that am here.
i. 2. 2.
To the purpose, to the impulse, to Agni, hail! To wisdom, to thought, to
Agni, hail! To consecration, to penance, to Agni, hail! To Sarasvati, to Prisan,
to Agni, hail!
O ye divine, vast, all-soothing waters!
Heaven and earth,
wide atmosphere! May Brhaspati rejoice in our oblation, hail!
Let every man
choose the companionship
Of the god who leadeth.
Every man prayeth for
Let him choose glory that he may prosper, hail!
Ye are images of
the Rc and the Saman. I grasp you two; do ye two protect me until the
completion of this sacrifice.
O god,Varuna, do thou sharpen this prayer of
him who implores thee,
Sharpen his strength, his insight;
May we mount
that safe ship
Whereby we' may pass over all our difficulties.
the strength of the Angirases, soft as wool; grant me strength, guard me, harm
Thou art the protection of Visnu, the protection of the sacrificer,
grant me protection.
Guard me from the lustre of the Naksatras.
art the birthplace of Indra ; harm me not.
For ploughing thee, for good
For the plants with good berries thee!
Thou art of easy access,
divine tree. Being erect, guard me until the completion (of the sacrifice).
Hail! with my mind the sacrifice (I grasp); hail! from heaven and earth, bail!
from the broad atmosphere, hail! from the wind the sacrifice I grasp.
i. 2. 3.
The thought divine we meditate,
Merciful, for our help,
glory, and carrieth the sacrifice.
May it guide us safely according as we
The gods, mind-born, mind-using,
The wise, the sons of
May they guard us, may they protect us,
To them honour! to them
O Agni, be thou wakeful;
Let us be glad;
Guard us to
Grant to us to wake again.
Thou, O Agni, art the guardian of
Among the gods and men.
Thou art to be invoked at our
All the gods have surrounded me,
Pusan with gain, Soma with
The god Savitr the giver of brightness.
O Soma, give so much,
and bear more hither.
May he that filleth never miss of fullness. Let me
not be parted with life.
Thou art gold; be for my enjoyment. Thou art
raiment; be for my enjoyment. Thou art a cow; be for my enjoyment. Thou art a
horse; be for my enjoyment . Thou art a goat; be for my enjoyment. Thou art a
ram; be for my enjoyment.
To Vayu thee; to Varuna thee; to Nirrti thee; to
O divine waters, son of the waters, the stream
oblation, mighty, most exhilarating,
That stream of yours may I not step
Along an unbroken web of earth may I go.
From good to better do
May Brhaspati be thy leader;
Then set him free, on the
chosen spot of earth;
Drive afar the foes with all thy strength.
come to the place on earth for sacrifice to the gods,
Wherein aforetime all
the gods rejoiced.
Accomplishing (the rite) with Rc, Saman, and Yajus,
us rejoice in fullness of wealth, in sustenance.
i. 2. 4.
This is thy body, O pure one. This is thy splendour. With it be united. Win
Thou art the strong, grasped by mind, acceptable to Visnu.
In the impulse of thee, of true impulse, may I win a support for my speech.
Thou art pure, thou art nectar, thou art the sacrifice for all the
I have mounted the eye of the sun.
The pupil of the eye of
When thou goest with thy steeds,
Blazing with the wise.
art thought, thou art mind, thou art meditation, thou art the gift (to the
priests) , thou art of the sacrifice, thou art of kingly power, thou art
Be thou successful for us in going, successful in
May Mitra bind thee by the foot.
May Pusan guard the
For Indra, the overseer!
May thy mother approve thee, thy
father, thy brother sprung of the same womb, thy friend in the herd.
goddess, to the god, to Soma for Indra's sake.
May Rudra guide thee hither
in the path of Mitra.
Hail! Return with Soma as thy comrade, with
i. 2. 5.
Thou art a Vasvi, thou art a Rudra, thou art Aditi, thou art an Aditya,
thou art ăukra, thou art Candra.
May Brhaspati make thee rejoice in
happiness. May Rudra with the Vasus be favourable to thee.
I pour thee on
the head of the earth, on the place of sacrifice,
on the abode of the
offering, rich in ghee; hail!
The Raksas is enclosed, the evil spirits are
enclosed. Thus I cut the neck of the Raksas.
Thus I cut the neck of him who
hates us and whom we hate .
With us be wealth, with thee be wealth,
thine be wealth.
Gaze, O goddess, together with the goddess Urvaši.
Let me attend on thee, with Tvastr's aid; rich in seed, bearing seed, may I find
a hero in thy presence.
May I not be separated from abundance of
i. 2. 6.
Let thy shoot be joined with shoot, joint with joint, let thy scent further
desire, let thy savour which falls not cause rejoicing. Thou art a home dweller,
thy libation is bright.
Unto that god, Savitr, within the two bowls,
sage, I sing, him of true impulse,
The bestower of treasures, unto tile wise
He at whose impulse the resplendent light shone high,
golden-banded sage hath measured the heaven with his form.
thee! For expiration thee! For cross-breathing thee! Breathe thou after
offspring. Let offspring breathe after thee.
i. 2. 7.
I buy Soma from thee, strong, rich in sap, full of force, overcoming the
foe, the pure with the pure I buy, the bright with the bright, the immortal with
the immortal, to match thy cow.
With us be the gold.
Thou art the
bodily form of penance, Prajapati's kind, I buy (Soma) with the last offspring
of thee that bast a thousandfold prosperity.
With us be union with thee;
with me let thy wealth abide.
With us be light, darkness be on the
Come as a friend to us, creating firm friendships.
the right thigh of Indra, glad the glad, tender the tender.
Bhraja, Anghari, Bambhari, Hasta, Suhasta, and Kršanu, here are your wages for
Soma; guard them, let them not fail you.
i. 2. 8.
Up with life, with fair life,
Up with the sap of plants,
Up with the
force of Parjanya,
Up have I arisen along with the immortals.
the wide atmosphere.
Thou art the seat of Aditi.
Sit on the seat of
The bull hath stablished the sky, the atmosphere;
Hath meted the
breadth of the earth;
Hath set him in all worlds as king.
All these are
He hath stretched out the sky over the woods;
hath placed strength in horses, milk in kine;
Varuna hath set skill in the
heart , Agni in dwellings,
The sun in the sky, the Soma on the hill.
Thee, all-knowing god,
Thy rays bear upwards,
The sun for all to see.
Come hither, ye oxen, strong to bear the yoke,
Tearless, slaying not man,
furthering the prayer.
Thou art the pillar of Varuna.
Thou art the
prop of Varuna's pillar.
I Varuna's noose is tied.
i. 2. 9.
Move I forward, O lord of the world,
To all thy stations.
opponent find thee,
Let not robbers find thee;
Let not the evil-working
wolves (find) thee;
Nor the Gandharva, Višvavasu, injure thee.
eagle and fly away to the place in the house of the sacrificer which we have
prepared with the gods (for thee). Thou art the good luck of the
We have reached the path
Which leadeth to bliss, without a
Whereby a man defeateth all his foes and winneth wealth.
the radiance of Mitra and Varuna.
This worship, this reverence offer to the
To the far seeing, god-born, the banner,
The son of the sky, the sun,
do ye sing.
Thou art the pillar of Varuna.
Thou art the prop of
Varuna's noose is loosened.
i. 2. 10.
Thou art the hospitality of Agni. For Visnu thee! Thou art the hospitality
of Soma. For Visnu thee! Thou art the hospitality of the stranger. For Visnu
thee! For Agni thee, giver of wealth, for Visnu thee; for the eagle, bringer of
the Soma, thee, for Visnu thee!
Thy powers which they honour with
May they all envelop the sacrifice!
Giver of wealth, impeller,
rich in heroes,
Slaying not heroes, O Soma, enter the dwellings.
art the seat of Aditi; sit on the seat of Aditi .
Thou art Varuna who
guardeth law; thou art of Varuna.
Be prosperity ours from our friendship
with the gods. May we be not severed from our service of the gods.
who rushes on I seize thee; for him who rushes around I seize thee; for
Tanunapat I seize thee; for the mighty I seize thee; for the mightiest in
strength I seize thee.
Thou art unapproached, the unapproachable might of
the gods, guarding from imprecations, impervious to imprecations.
lord of consecration approve my consecration, the lord of penance my penance.
Speedily may I attain truth. Place me in good fortune.
i. 2. 11.
May thy every shoot, O god Soma, swell,
For Indra who gaineth the
May Indra swell for thee;
Do thou swell for Indra.
Make thy comrades to swell with wealth and skill; with good fortune
accomplish thy pressing, O god Soma.
Desired are riches exceedingly for
food, for prosperity. Be right to the proclaimers of right. Honour to the sky,
honour to the earth!
Agni, lord of vows, thou art the vow-lord of vows;
this body of mine be in thee , that body of thine be in me. Together, O lord
of vows, be the vows of us two that keep vows.
Thy dread form, O Agni, with
that protect us; hail to that form of thine!
That form of thine, O Agni,
which rests in iron, which rests in silver, which rests in gold, the highest,
that dwells in the cleft,
(By it) I have driven away harsh speech, (by it)
I have driven away angry speech. Hail!
i. 2. 12.
Thou I art the abode of riches for me; thou art the resort of the afflicted
for me; protect me when in want; protect me when afflicted.
May Agni, named
Nabhas, know (thee).
Agni Angiras, thou who art in this earth, come with
the name of Ayus. Whatsoever unapproached, holy name is thine, therewith I
take thee up.
Agni Angiras, thou who art in the second (the third) earth,
come with the name of Ayus. Whatever inviolate, holy name is thine, therewith I
take thee up.
Thou art a lioness; thou art a buffalo.
Extend wide; let
the lord of the sacrifice extend wide for thee.
Thou art firm.
for the gods; be bright for the gods.
May the cry of Indra guard thee in
front with the Vasus; may the swift of mind guard thee on the right with the
Pitrs; may the wise one guard thee behind with the Rudras; may Višvakarman guard
thee on the left with the Adityas.
Thou art a lioness, overcoming rivals;
hail! Thou art a lioness, bestowing fair offspring; hail! Thou art a lioness,
bestowing increase of wealth; hail! Thou art a lioness, winning (the favour
of) the Adityas hail! Thou art a lioness; bring the gods to the pious
To beings thee!
Thou containest all life, strengthen
the earth; thou restest firm, strengthen the atmosphere; thou restest
inviolable, strengthen the heaven.
Thou art the ashes of Agni; thou art the
rubble of Agni.
i. 2. 13.
They yoke their minds, and yoke their thoughts,
The priests of the
mighty wise priest;
He alone, who knows the way, ordains their priestly
Great is the praise of the god Savitr.
With fair voice, O
god, do thou address the dwelling.
Ye two, famed among the gods, make
proclamation among the gods.
For us be born a hero of great deeds,
whom we may all depend,
Who shall be ruler over many.
Over this Visnu
Thrice did he set down his foot;
(All) is gathered in its
So then be ye two rich in food, in cows,
In good grass, ye that
are famous, for man
These two firmaments Visnu held asunder;
the earth on all sides with pegs.
Come ye two then forward, ordaining the
offering; bring upward the sacrifice; do not falter; there rest on the height of
From the sky, O Visnu, or from the earth,
Or from the great
(sky), or from the atmosphere,
Fill thy hands with many good things,
to us from right and from left.
I shall proclaim the mighty deeds of
Who meted out the spaces of the earth,
Who established the highest
Stepping thrice, the far-goer.
Thou art the forehead of Visnu;
thou art the back of Visvu.
I Ye two are the corners' of Visnu's mouth.
Thou art the thread of Visnu.
Thou art the fixed point of Visnu.
art of Vishu; to Visnu thee!
i. 2. 14.
Put forth thy strength like a spreading net;
Come like a mighty king
with thy retainers;
Hurling thy swift net thou shootest arrows;
Raksases with thy keenest (darts).
Swiftly thy whirling flames
bring upward Follow them, glowing in thy fury;
Thy heat, O Agni,
thy winged (flames) with thy tongue,
Unfettered, on all sides spread thy
Send forth thy spies, swiftest in thy motion;
unfailing guardian to this folk,
From him who afar plans evil , from him
O Agni let no trouble from thee overwhelm us.
Arise, O Agni;
spread thyself out;
Burn up our foes, O thou of keen dart;
Him who hath
wrought evil for us, O blazing one,
Do thou consume utterly like dry
Arise; drive from us (our foes);
Reveal thy heavenly strength,
Slacken the strung (weapon) of the demon-driven;
Crush our foes,
kin or not kin.
He knows thy loving kindliness, O most youthful
Who hath given furtherance to this devotion;
All happy days for him,
glory, and wealth
--Opening the doors of the miser--he hath revealed.'
Let him, O Agni, be fortunate and munificent,
Who with constant oblation, who
Seeks to delight thee in his life in his house;
May all days
be happy for him; be that the will.
I praise thy loving kindness; loud
sounding (thou singest) a reply;
Let this song of mine, beloved of thee, sing
With good steeds and fair chariots may we adorn
Maintain for us the lordly power as the days go by.
Here let each
serve thee readily,
That shinest in the darkness, as the days go by;
and joyous may we attend thee
That dost surpass the glories of men.'
who with good steeds and rich in gold
Approacheth thee, O Agni, with a rich
His protector thou art, the comrade of him
Who duly offereth thee
The great I overcome through kinship and my
That hath descended to me from Gotama, my sire;
Pay heed to this
song of ours,
O Hotr, most youthful, skilful, friend of the house.
Sleepless, speedy, propitious,
Unwearied, never hostile, unexhausted,
thy guardians, O Agni, taking their places here united,
Protect us, O wise
In Thy guardians, O Agni, who seeing,
Guarded from ill the blind
He of all wisdom guarded these kindly ones;
The foes that were
fain to deceive could not deceive.
In unison with thee, aided by
Under thy leadership, let us gain strength;
Fulfil both our desires,
O truthful one;
Perform it forthwith, O fearless one.
With this fuel, O
Agni, will we serve thee;
Accept the song of praise recited for thee;
those that revile, the Raksases; guard us,
From the foe, the reviler, O rich
in friends, from blame.
I touch the steed that slayeth the Raksases;
for shelter to the friend most spreading;
May Agni, enkindled with our
offerings, sharpening (his dart)
Guard us by day, from harm and by
With great radiance Agni shineth;
All things doth he reveal by
He overcometh godless and malign enchantments
He sharpeneth his
horns to pierce the Raksas.
Let the roarings of Agni rise to the
Sharp weapons to slay the Raksas;
In the carouse his radiance
The godless assailers cannot restrain him.
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