Peace is the answer  
Loading
home
English translation of
Holy Zend Avesta - Vendidad

English translation by James Darmesteter, Dhalla, B. N. Dhabhar,
L. Mills, J. H. Peterson, C. Bartholomae
taken from http://www.avesta.org/avesta.html

Fargard 15 : Regarding certain sins and obligations

I.

1
How many are the sins that men commit and that, being committed and not confessed, nor atoned for, make their committer a Peshotanu?

2
Ahura Mazda answered: 'There are five such sins, O holy Zarathushtra!It is the first of these sins that men commit when a man teaches one of the faithful another faith, another law, a lower doctrine,and he leads him astray with a full knowledge and conscience of the sin: the man who has done the deed becomes a Peshotanu.

3
'It is the second of these sins when a man gives bones too hard or food too hot to a shepherd's dog or to a house-dog;

4
'If the bones stick in the dog's teeth or stop in his throat;or if the food too hot burn his mouth or his tongue, he may come to grief thereby; if he come to grief thereby, the man who has done the deed becomes a Peshotanu.

5
'It is the third of these sins when a man smites a bitch big with young or affrights her by running after her, or shouting or clapping with the hands;

6
'If the bitch fall into a hole, or a well, or a precipice,or a river, or a canal, she may come to grief thereby; if she come to grief thereby, the man who has done the deed becomes a Peshotanu.

7
'It is the fourth of these sins when a man has intercourse with a woman who has the whites or sees the blood, the man that has done the deed becomes a Peshotanu.

8
'It is the fifth of these sins when a man has intercourse with a woman quick with child, whether the milk has already come to her breasts or has not yet come: she may come to grief thereby;if she come to grief thereby, the man who has done the deed becomes a Peshotanu.

IIa.

9
'If a man come near unto a damsel, either dependent on the chief of the family or not dependent, either delivered [unto a husband] or not delivered, and she conceives by him, let her not,being ashamed of the people, produce in herself the menses, against the course of nature, by means of water and plants.

10
'And if the damsel, being ashamed of the people, shall produce in herself the menses against the course of nature, by means of water and plants, it is a fresh sin as heavy [as the first]

11
'If a man come near unto a damsel, either dependent on the chief of the family or not dependent, either delivered [unto a husband] or not delivered, and she conceives by him, let her not, being ashamed of the people, destroy the fruit in her womb.

12
'And if the damsel, being ashamed of the people, shall destroy the fruit in her womb, the sin is on both the father and herself,the murder is on both the father and herself; both the father and herself shall pay the penalty for willful murder.

IIb.

13
'If a man come near unto a damsel, either dependent on the chief of the family or not dependent, either delivered [unto a husband] or not delivered, and she conceives by him, and she says,"I have conceived by thee;" and he replies, "Go then to the old woman and apply to her for one of her drugs, that she may procure thee miscarriage;"

14
'And the damsel goes to the old woman and applies to her for one of her drugs, that she may procure her miscarriage; and the old woman brings her some Banga, or Shaeta, a drug that kills in the womb or one that expels out of the womb, or some other of the drugs that produce miscarriage and [the man says], "Cause thy fruit to perish!" and she causes her fruit to perish;the sin is on the head of all three, the man, the damsel, and the old woman.

15
'If a man come near unto a damsel, either dependent on the chief of the family or not dependent, either delivered [unto a husband] or not delivered, and she conceives by him, so long shall he support her, until the child be born.

16
'If he shall not support her, so that the child comes to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

17
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If she be near her time, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

18
Ahura Mazda answered: 'If a man come near unto a damsel, eitherd ependent on the chief of the family or not dependent, either delivered [unto a husband] or not delivered, and she conceives by him, so long shall he support her, until the child be born.

19
'If he shall not support her, 'It lies with the faithful to look in the same way after every pregnant female, either two-footed or four-footed, two-footed woman or four-footed bitch.'

III.

20
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If (a bitch) be near her time, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

Continued...

21
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He whose house stands nearest, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

22
'If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support; he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

23
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying in a stable for camels, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

24
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who built the stable for camels or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

25
'If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

26
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying in a stable for horses, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

27
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who built the stable for horses or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

28
'If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

29
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying in a stable for oxen, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

30
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who built the stable for oxen or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

31
'If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

32
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying in a sheep-fold, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

33
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who built the sheep fold or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

34
'If he shall not support her so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

35
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying on the earth-wall, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

36
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who erected the wall or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

37
'If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty forw illful murder.'

38
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying in the moat, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

39
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who dug the moat or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born.

40
'If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief,for want of proper support, he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.'

41
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a bitch be near her time and be lying in the middle of a pasture-field, which is the worshipper of Mazda that shall support her?

42
Ahura Mazda answered: 'He who sowed the pasture-field or whoso holds it, the care of supporting her is his; [so long shall he support her, until the whelps be born. If he shall not support her, so that the whelps come to grief, for want of proper support,he shall pay for it the penalty for willful murder.]

43
'He shall take her to rest upon a litter of nemovanta or of any foliage fit for a litter; so long shall he support her, until the young dogs are capable of self-defense and self-subsistence.'

44
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! When are the dogs capable of self-defense and self-subsistence?

45
Ahura Mazda answered: 'When they are able to run about in a circuit of twice seven houses around. Then they may be let loose, whether it be winter or summer. 'Young dogs ought to be supported for six months, children for seven years. 'Atar, the son of Ahura Mazda, watches as well (over a pregnant bitch) as he does over a woman.'

IV.

46
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If worshippers of Mazda want to have a bitch so covered that the offspring shall be one of a strong nature, what shall they do?

47
Ahura Mazda answered: 'They shall dig a hole in the earth,in the middle of the fold half a foot deep if the earth be hard,half the height of a man if the earth be soft.

48
'They shall first tie up [the bitch] there, far from children and from the Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda, and they shall watch by her until a dog comes there from anywhere; then another again,and then a third again, each being kept apart from the former,lest they should assail one another.

49
'The bitch being thus covered by three dogs, grows big with young, and the milk comes to her teats and she brings forth ayoung one that is born from several dogs.'

50
If a man smite a bitch who has been covered by three dogs,and who has already milk, and who shall bring forth a young one born from several dogs, what is the penalty that he shall pay?

51
Ahura Mazda answered: 'Seven hundred stripes with the Aspahe-astra,seven hundred stripes with the Sraosho-charana.'

Back to Top

-- Fargard 15 --





 
About  FAQs  Sitemap  Sources  Privacy  History  Contact