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English translation of
Holy Zend Avesta - Vendidad

English translation by James Darmesteter, Dhalla, B. N. Dhabhar,
L. Mills, J. H. Peterson, C. Bartholomae
taken from http://www.avesta.org/avesta.html

Fargard 18

I.

1
There is many a one, O holy Zarathushtra!' said Ahura Mazda,'Who wears a wrong Paitidana, and who has not girded his loinswith the Religion; When such a man says, "I am an Athravan,"he lies; do not call him an Athravan, O holy Zarathushtra!' thussaid Ahura Mazda.

2
'He holds a wrong Khrafstraghna in his hand and he has notgirded his loins with the Religion; when he says, "I am anAthravan," he lies; do not call him an Athravan, O holy Zarathushtra!thus said Ahura Mazda.

3
'He holds a wrong twig in his hand and he has not girded hisloins with the Religion; when he says, "I am an Athravan,"he lies; do not call him an Athravan, O holy Zarathushtra!' thussaid Ahura Mazda.

4
'He wields a wrong Astra mairya and he has not girded hisloins with the Religion; when he says, "I am an Athravan,"he lies; do not call him an Athravan, O holy Zarathushtra!' thussaid Ahura Mazda.

5
'He who sleeps on throughout the night, neither performingthe Yasna nor chanting the hymns, worshipping neither by wordnor by deed, neither learning nor teaching, with a longing for(everlasting) life, he lies when he says, "I am an Athravan,"do not call him an Athravan, O holy Zarathushtra!' thus said AhuraMazda.

6
'Him thou shalt call an Athravan, O holy Zarathushtra! whothroughout the night sits up and demands of the holy Wisdom, whichmakes man free from anxiety, and wide of heart, and easy of conscienceat the head of the Chinwad bridge, and which makes him reach thatworld, that holy world, that excellent world of Paradise.

7
'(Therefore) demand of me, thou upright one! of me, who amthe Maker, the most beneficent of all beings, the best knowing,the most pleased in answering what is asked of me; demand of me,that thou mayst be the better, that thou mayst be the happier.'

8
Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'O Maker of the material world,thou Holy One! What is it that brings in the unseen power of Death?'

9
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the man that teaches a wrongReligion; it is the man who continues for three springs withoutwearing the sacred girdle, without chanting the Gathas, withoutworshipping the Good Waters.

10
'And he who should set that man at liberty, when bound inprison, does no better deed than if he should cut a man's headoff his neck.

11
'For the blessing uttered by a wicked, ungodly Ashemaoghadoes not go past the mouth (of the blesser); the blessing of twoAshemaoghas does not go past the tongue; the blessing of threeis nothing; the blessing of four turns to self-cursing.

12
'Whosoever should give to a wicked, ungodly Ashemaogha eithersome Haoma prepared, or some Myazda consecrated with blessings,does no better deed than if he should lead a thousand horse againstthe boroughs of the worshippers of Mazda, and should slaughterthe men thereof, and drive off the cattle as plunder.

13
'Demand of me, thou upright one! of me, who am the Maker,the most beneficent of all beings, the best knowing, the mostpleased in answering what is asked of me; demand of me, that thoumayst be the better, that thou mayst be the happier.'

II.

14
Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Who is the Sraosha-varezof Sraosha? the holy, strong Sraosha, who is Obedience incarnate,a Sovereign with an astounding weapon.'

15
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the bird named Parodars, whichill-speaking people call Kahrkatas, O holy Zarathushtra! the birdthat lifts up his voice against the mighty Ushah:

16
'"Arise, O men! recite the Ashem yad vahistemthat smites down the Daevas. Lo! here is Bushyasta, the long-handed,coming upon you, who lulls to sleep again the whole living world,as soon as it has awoke: 'Sleep!' [she says,] 'O poor man! thetime is not yet come.'"

17
'"On the three excellent things be never intent, namely,good thoughts, good words, and good deeds; on the three abominablethings be ever intent, namely, bad thoughts, bad words, and baddeeds."

18
'On the first part of the night, Atar, the son of Ahura Mazda,calls the master of the house for help, saying:

19
'"Up! arise, thou master of the house! put on thy girdleon thy clothes, wash thy hands, take wood, bring it unto me, andlet me burn bright with the clean wood, carried by thy well-washedhands. Here comes Azi, made by the Daevas, who consumes me andwants to put me out of the world."

20
'On the second part of the night, Atar, the son of Ahura Mazda,calls the husbandman for help, saying;

21
'"Up! arise, thou husbandman! Put on thy girdle on thyclothes, wash thy hands, take wood, bring it unto me, and letme burn bright with the clean wood, carried by thy well-washedhands. Here comes Azi, made by the Daevas, who consumes me andwants to put me out of the world."

22
'On the third part of the night, Atar, the son of Ahura Mazda,calls the holy Sraosha for help, saying: "Come thou, holy,well-formed Sraosha, [then he brings unto me some clean wood withhis well-washed hands.] Here comes Azi, made by the Daevas, whoconsumes me and wants to put me out of the world."

23
'And then the holy Sraosha wakes up the bird named Parodars,which ill-speaking people call Kahrkatas, and the bird lifts uphis voice against the mighty Ushah:

24
'"Arise, O men! recite the Ashem yad vahistem[Ashem Vohu] and the Naismi daevo [the Creed, Y12]. Lo!here is Bushyasta, the long-handed, coming upon you, who lullsto sleep again the whole living world as soon as it has awoke:'Sleep!' [she says,] 'O poor man! the time is not yet come.'"

25
'"On the three excellent things be never intent, namely,good thoughts, good words, and good deeds; on the three abominablethings be ever intent, namely, bad thoughts, bad words, and baddeeds."

26
'And then bed-fellows address one another: "Rise up,here is the cock calling me up." Whichever of the two firstgets up shall first enter Paradise: whichever of the two shallfirst, with well-washed hands, bring clean wood unto Atar, theson of Ahura Mazda, Atar, well pleased with him and not angry,and fed as it required, will thus bless him:

27
'"May herds of oxen and sons accrue to thee: may thymind be master of its vow, may thy soul be master of its vow,and mayst thou live on in the joy of thy soul all the nights ofthy life." 'This is the blessing which Atar speaks unto him who brings himdry wood, well examined by the light of the day, well cleansedwith godly intent.

28
'And whosoever will kindly and piously present one of thefaithful with a pair of these my Parodars birds, a male and afemale, O Spitama Zarathushtra! it is as though he had given ahouse with a hundred columns, a thousand beams, ten thousand largewindows, ten thousand small windows.

29
'And whosoever shall give meat to one of the faithful, asmuch of it as the body of this Parodars bird of mine, I, AhuraMazda, need not interrogate him twice; he shall directly go toParadise.'

III.

30
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! Thou then, alone in thematerial world, dost bear offspring without any male coming untothee?'

31
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Itis not so, nor do I, alone in the material world, bear offspringwithout any male coming unto me.

32
'For there are four males of mine; and they make me conceiveprogeny as other males make their females conceive by their seed.'

33
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! Who is the first of thosemales of thine?'

Continued...

34
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Heis the first of my males who, being entreated by one of the faithful,does not give him anything, be it ever so little, of the richeshe has treasured up.

35
'That man makes me conceive progeny as other males make theirfemales conceive by their seed.'

36
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! What is the thing thatcan undo that?'

37
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Thisis the thing that undoes it, namely, when a man unasked, kindlyand piously, gives to one of the faithful something, be it everso little, of the riches he has treasured up.

38
'He does thereby as thoroughly destroy the fruit of my wombas a four-footed wolf does, who tears the child out of a mother'swomb.'

39
The holy Sraosha, letting down his club upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! Who is the second of thosemales of thine?'

40
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Heis the second of my males who, making water, lets it fall alongthe upper forepart of his foot.

41
'That man makes me conceive progeny as other males make theirfemales conceive by their seed.'

42
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! What is the thing thatcan undo that?'

43
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, wall-formed Sraosha! Thisis the thing that undoes it, namely, when the man rising up andstepping three steps further off, shall say three Ahuna-Vairya,two humatanam, three hukhshathrotemam, and then chant the Ahuna-Vairyaand offer up one Yenhe hatam.

44
'He does thereby as thoroughly destroy the fruit of my wombas a four-footed wolf does, 'who tears the child out of a mother'swomb.'

45
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! Who is the third of thosemales of thine?'

46
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Heis the third of my males who during his sleep emits seed.

47
'That man makes me conceive progeny as other males make theirfemales conceive progeny by their seed.'

48
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! What is the thing thatcan undo that?'

49
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! thisis the thing that undoes it, namely, if the man, when he has risenfrom sleep, shall say three Ahuna-Vairya, two humatanam, threehukhshathrotemam, and then chant the Ahuna-Vairya and offer upone Yenhe hatam.

50
'He does thereby as thoroughly destroy the fruit of my wombas a four-footed wolf does who tears the child out of a mother'swomb.'

51
Then he shall speak unto Spenta Armaiti, saying: 'O SpentaArmaiti, this man do I deliver unto thee; this man deliver thouback unto me, against the happy day of resurrection; deliver himback as one who knows the Gathas, who knows the Yasna, and therevealed Law, a wise and clever man, who is Obedience incarnate.

52
'Then thou shalt call his name "Fire-creature, Fire-seed,Fire-offspring, Fire-land," or any name wherein is the wordFire.'

53
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj! Who is the fourth of thosemales of thine?'

54
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Thisone is my fourth male who, either man or woman, being more thanfifteen years of age, walks without wearing the sacred girdleand the sacred shirt.

55
'At the fourth step we Daevas, at once, wither him even tothe tongue and the marrow, and he goes thenceforth with powerto destroy the world of Righteousness, and he destroys it likethe Yatus and the Zandas.'

56
The holy Sraosha, letting his club down upon her, asked theDruj: 'O thou wretched, worthless Druj, what is the thing thatcan undo that?'

57
The Druj demon answered: 'O holy, well-formed Sraosha! Thereis no means of undoing it;

58
'When a man or a woman, being more than fifteen years of age,walks without wearing the sacred girdle or the sacred shirt.

59
'At the fourth step we Daevas, at once, wither him even tothe tongue and the marrow, and he goes thenceforth with powerto destroy the world of Righteousness, and he destroys it likethe Yatus and the Zandas.'

IV.

60
Demand of me, thou upright one! of me who am the Maker, themost beneficent of all beings, the best knowing, the most pleasedin answering what is asked of me; demand of me that thou maystbe the better, that thou mayst be the happier.

61
Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'Who grieves thee with thesorest grief? Who pains thee with the sorest pain?'

62
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the Jahi [courtesan], O SpitamaZarathushtra! who mixes in her the seed of the faithful and theunfaithful, of the worshippers of Mazda and the worshippers ofthe Daevas, of the wicked and the righteous.

63
'Her look dries up one-third of the mighty floods that runfrom the mountains, O Zarathushtra; her look withers one-thirdof the beautiful, golden-hued, growing plants, O Zarathushtra;

64
'Her look withers one-third of the strength of Spenta Armaiti;and her touch withers in the faithful one-third of his good thoughts,of his good words, of his good deeds, one-third of his strength,of his victorious power, and of his holiness.

65
'Verily I say unto thee, O Spitama Zarathushtra! such creaturesought to be killed even more than gliding snakes, than howlingwolves, than the wild she-wolf that falls upon the fold, or thanthe she-frog that falls upon the waters with her thousandfoldbrood.'

V.

66
Demand of me, thou upright one! of me who am the Maker, themost beneficent of all beings, the best knowing, the most pleasedin answering what is asked of me; demand of me that thou maystbe the better, that thou mayst be the happier.

67-68
Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: 'If a man shall come untoa woman who has the whites or sees blood, and he does so wittinglyand knowingly, and she allows it willfully, wittingly, and knowingly,what is the atonement for it, what is the penalty that he shallpay to atone for the deed they have done?'

69
Ahura Mazda answered: 'If a man shall come unto a woman whohas the whites or sees blood, and he does so wittingly and knowingly,and she allows it willfully, wittingly, and knowingly;

70
'He shall slay a thousand head of small cattle; he shall godlyand piously offer up to the fire the entrails thereof togetherwith Zaothra-libations; he shall bring the shoulder bones to theGood Waters.

71
'He shall godly and piously bring unto the fire a thousandloads of soft wood, of Urvasna, Vohu-gaona, Vohu-kereti, Hadha-naepata,or of any sweet-scented plant.

72
'He shall tie and consecrate a thousand bundles of Baresma;he shall godly and piously offer up to the Good Waters a thousandZaothra-libations, together with the Haoma and the milk, cleanlyprepared and well strained, - cleanly prepared and well strainedby a pious man, and mixed with the roots of the tree known asHadha-naepata.

73
'He shall kill a thousand snakes of those that go upon thebelly, two thousand of the other kind; he shall kill a thousandland-frogs and two thousand water-frogs; he shall kill a thousandcorn-carrying ants and two thousand of the other kind.

74
'He shall throw thirty bridges over canals; he shall undergoa thousand stripes with the Aspahe-astra, a thousand stripes withthe Sraosho-karana.

75
'This is the atonement, this is the penalty that he shallpay to atone for the deed that he has done.

76
'If he shall pay it, he makes himself a viaticum into theworld of the holy ones; if he shall not pay it, he makes himselfa viaticum into the world of the wicked, into that world, madeof darkness, the offspring of darkness, which is Darkness' self.'

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-- Fargard 18 --





 
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